Everything you need to know about the Microsoft Company


Microsoft Company, History and Background


Microsoft Corporation is an American-based multinational technology giant that produces computer software, personal computers, consumer electronics, and related services headquartered at the Microsoft Redmond campus located in Redmond, Washington, United States. 

The company also publishes books and multimedia titles, manufactures its own line of hybrid tablet computers, provides e-mail services, as well as sells electronic game systems and computer peripherals.

The company’s most known products are the Windows line of operating systems, Internet explorer, Microsoft Office Suite, and Edge web browsers. The company’s flagship hardware products include the Xbox video game consoles as well as the Surface line-up of touch screen personal computers series.

Furthermore, the company partnered with around 17 American intelligent agencies to develop cloud-based computing products. Microsoft Azure Service Platform was the entry of the company into the cloud computing market launched on October 27, 2008. In 2016, Microsoft announced a project named Microsoft Windows Azure Information Protection with an aim to help enterprises protect their data as it moves between servers and devices.

Contrary to past years, Microsoft is more focused on deepening the specific needs of each industry and supporting customers to work more closely on the needs of each industry and on new features that can be implemented.

Microsoft's main competitors are Apple, IBM, Oracle, and Intel.

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Evolution of Microsoft and its Business Model


Microsoft was founded on April 4, 1975, in the United States by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. The first goal of the company was to develop and sell computer programs, then it became one of the subcontractors of IBM. In December 1978, the company exceeded one million in sales. In the mid-1980s, Microsoft broke away from IBM by dominating the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS.

In 1986, the company was listed on the stock exchange at a $21 per share.

During the period 1993-2001, along with some marketing moves, Windows, previously a simple graphical environment for MS-DOS, became a full-fledged operating system. Windows quickly became Microsoft's biggest success, and a company's flagship product, generating a lot of profits. This was Folt's strategy lowed by the launch of the Xbox in 2001, the acquisition of Skype in 2011, and the acquisition of LinkedIn in 2016.

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Who is the CEO and Co-founder of Microsoft?

Bill Gates, born in 1955 in the United States, is a computer scientist, entrepreneur, and billionaire known worldwide as the co-founder of Microsoft. In 1973, he entered Harvard as a first-year student but did not go further than that. With his colleague Paul Allen, he started to develop the first computer language compatible with the Altair 8800 microcomputer. They then created Microsoft to market their software.

The company received g and Bill Gates became a billionaire when Microsoft went public in 1986. In 1996, he became the richest man in the world. Today, he is in fifth place in this ranking. (Source: business today)

In the eyes of many, Bill Gates is considered one of the pioneers of opening the computer world to the general public. Very few companies have an image as closely linked to their founder as Microsoft.

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The market


Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company that develops, manufactures, licenses support, and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and services. The computer business has experienced an explosion of opportunities created by the democratization of the Internet and computer tools in the late twentieth century. Today, although many new companies are created each year in this sector, some have dominated the market for a long time.

The more time passes, the more customers there are in this market. To stand out and remain competitive, companies must innovate and always offer higher and higher performances. It is a very dynamic sector, in constant development, and the actors in this market must take this into account.

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Key figures and financial ratios


Market capitalisation : $2.049 trillion 1(August 3, 2022)

Revenue : $184.903 billions 2(2021)

Net income: $71.185 billions 3( 2021)

Dividends paid: Continuously since 2015, 4 times a year

Earnings per share: $9.344(2021)

Price to earnings ratio : ≃27.26 5(May 13, 2022)

Debt to equity ratio : 0.30 6(2022)

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Graniteshares Offering Products



GraniteShares GAFAM ETPs provide exposure to the equal weight to following companies: Alphabet, Amazon, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft


  1. Market Cap: Companies Market Cap
  2. Microsoftreports index
  3. Microsoft Investor reports
  4. 2021 Annual Report
  5. Macrotrends
  6. Macrotrends




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